July 4th is the independence day of USA. By 1765, what we know today as the United States of America consisted of 13 colonies: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina and Virginia.
4th of July History 2018
These thirteen colonies were under the rule of George III of England who, with the aim of obtaining more funds for his nation, decided to force the colonies to pay taxes, starting with the tax at the time of legalizing deeds. This caused the discomfort of the citizens and the Colonies decided to send a delegation to England to discuss and eliminate this new tax law. Among the men who formed this delegation was Benjamin Franklin.
In 1773, not only had the initial tax not been abolished, but the King of England decided to introduce the tea tax. Due to this, the Colonies began to boycott the imported products taking their actions to the extreme. In Boston, they assaulted a ship anchored in the harbor with 250 boxes of tea and threw them into the sea.
This riot was taken as a provocation, and England are banned ships entering the port, repealing the charter franchises Colonies to Massachusetts and sending an army to maintain peace in the region. Because of this, the first Continental Congress was formed in Pennsylvania to study how they should solve their problems with England.
In April of 1775, the troops of the king advanced until Massachusetts and they initiated the first battle to which the Americans faced, which marked the beginning of what later would be the war of independence.
In June of 1776, a committee was formed to draft the Declaration of Independence. Headed by Thomas Jefferson, the committee included John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Philip Livingston and Roger Sherman. Thomas Jefferson was chosen to draft the first draft which was presented to the Congress on June 28.
After several changes, on July 4, the 13 Colonies submitted this document to a vote. Of the thirteen, 9 voted in favor, 2 against, one did not decide their vote and one preferred to abstain from voting. But as the majority had voted in favor, the Declaration of Independence had been accepted.
The next day, copies of this document were distributed in the Colonies and on July 8, the Declaration was read in public, although the signing of the Declaration was not completed until August. However, July 4 is accepted as the official anniversary of the Declaration of Independence of the United States.
4th of July History 2018